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C

Part of the driving harness that is fitted around the horses neck (and chest) and which is connected to the traces, thereby allowing the horse to pull the vehicle (or other object) by leaning into the collar. The most common collars are breast and neck (also called full) collars. The breast collar consists of a wide padded strap that runs across the horse's chest and is held in place by a neck strap. It is buckled directly to the traces (which attach to the vehicle) and is generally used for light carts or carriages.
A neck or full collar is a heavy padded ring (typically made of wood, with a leather covering and wool padding) that is placed over the horse's head an sits at the base of its neck. It may be a closed ring or open at one end (with a bridge of heavy leather). The open ends of the collar should sit on top of the neck, while the rounded end should sit below it. The full collar is connected to the traces and is used for pulling heavier carriages and other items such as agricultural tools, logs etc.

Translations :

Français
  • collier, m
Deutsch
  • Kumet
  • Kummt
  • Kumt, n
Italiano
  • collana, f
Español
  • colléron, m
Image

A team of four horses in breast collars

Image

A horse wearing a full collar



Anatomical term meaning situated on the same side of the body (neighbouring structures). Can also refer to structures situated on either side of another structure e.g. collateral ligaments situated on either side of a joint or collateral cartilages situated on either side of the distal phalanx.

Translations :

Français
  • collatéral

Qui est à côté, du même côté du corps. On emploie aussi le terme de collatéraux pour qualifier des éléments en paire situés de part et d'autre d'un membre par exemple.

Deutsch
  • kollateral

Benachbart, auf der gleichen Körperseite liegend.

Italiano
  • collaterale
Español
  • colateral
Català
  • col.lateral
Nederlands
  • collateraal
Dansk
  • kollateral
  • langs siden
  • ved siden af
Svenska
  • dubbelsidig
  • kollateral
Česky
  • kolaterální
  • postranní


hoof cartilage

ungular cartilage

Flat, wing-like structures made from fibro-cartilage that are attached to the palmar/plantar processes of the distal phalanx (coffin bone) and extend proximaly to above the level of the hoof capsule. They can be palpated proximaly to the coronary band in the lateral and medialpalmar/plantar region of the pastern where they should yield to gentle pressure. The cartilage can ossify in part or completely (sidebone).


Translations :

Français
  • cartilage unguéal, f

Chaque pied comprend deux cartilages ungulaires. Ils prolongent proximalement et palmairement/plantairement les processus de la phalange distale et dépassent le bord proximal du sabot. Ils ont une structure fibreuse (ils étaient anciennement appelés fibro-cartilages complémentaires) et sont en forme de lame aplatie. Les cartilages ungulaires sont palpables proximalement sous la peau dans la région coronaire; de nombreux ligaments les fixent à P1, P2, P3 et à l'os sésamoïde.

Deutsch
  • Hufbeinknorpel, m
  • Hufknorpel, m

Aus Faserknorpel bestehende, gebogene Platten, die das Hufbein proximal und palmar/plantar überragen und die Hufbeinäste als Basis haben. Sie können im palmaren/plantaren Hufbereich proximal des Kronrandes medial und lateral ertastet und durch leichten Druck auf ihre Elastizität geprüft werden. Hufknorpel können teilweise oder vollständig verknöchern (Hufknorpelverknöcherung).

Italiano
  • cartilagine alare, f
  • cartilagine colaterale, f
  • cartilagine ungueale, f
Español
  • cartílado alar, m
  • cartílago colateral, m
Català
  • cartílag alar, m
  • cartílag col.lateral, m
Nederlands
  • hoefkraakbeen, n
Dansk
  • dragtbrusk
Svenska
  • hovbrosk
Česky
  • chrupavka kopytní, f
Image

Collateral cartilages (blue) are attached to the pedal bone and the middle phalanx through broad ligaments

Image

SIdebone (ossification of the collateral cartilages)



A ligament that originates and inserts on the side of a joint and provides stabilisation for the joint. Most joints have collateral ligaments on the medial and lateral sides.

 

Translations :

Français
  • ligament collatéral, m

Structure ligamenteuse située sur le côté d'une articulation, ayant une structure analogue de l'autre côté et servant à la stabiliser.

Deutsch
  • Kollateralband, n
  • Seitenband, n

Seitlich eines Gelenkes verlaufende Bandstruktur, die der Gelenksstabilisation dient.

Italiano
  • legamento collaterale, m
Español
  • ligamento colateral, m
Català
  • lligament col.lateral, m
Nederlands
  • collateraalband, m
Dansk
  • kollateralt ligament
Svenska
  • kollateralligament
  • sidoligament
Česky
  • kolaterální vaz, m
  • postranní vaz, m